THEMES

Mountain pine: plant and characteristics

Mountain pine: plant and characteristics

Themountain pineis a very rustic plant, it has agrowthslow and is among theconifers with smaller dimensions. It can be grown in the garden to take advantage of itpropertyor simply to appreciate the compact shape of its bush evergreen.

Mountain pine: properties and plant

The speciesPinus mugoit's aevergreen coniferof the Pinaceae family. It is famous for the preparation of a liqueur and an essential oil that is extracted from its younger branches. For the production of the pinus mugo liqueur gems and pine cones are used. The mountain pine liqueur it is prepared with grappa, sugar, pine cones and mountain pine buds; there is also the variant prepared with an ethyl alcohol base instead of grappa.

For his therapeutic properties, the pinus mugo has been included in the list of spontaneous medicinal plants subject to the provisions of law no. 99. In Italy it grows spontaneously in various mountain areas. Its natural habitat, in fact, is represented by the Eastern Alps. To exploit its therapeutic properties, its essential oil is used: a few drops are used to add to the pillow in case of cold or stuffy nose. It can be used for massages in case of muscle pain.

Where to buy this essential oil? In the most well-stocked herbalists or on Amazon. For all the info, I refer you to the “Amazon page” where you will find a selection of pine essential oils, including several food grade mountain pine essential oils, extracted from young mountain pine shoots.

Please note: precisely because it is pure and concentrated in active ingredients, this essential oil should not be used alone. For topical use, the essential oil of mountain pine must be diluted with other vegetable oil such as, for example, the olive oil you use in the kitchen!

How to grow mountain pine

It loves the sun and the cold: this plant has a bushy trend and for this it is possiblecultivatein the garden to create enchanting green areas. It requires little care and, as its natural habitat suggests, tolerates the cold very well.

You can buy a pinus mugo plant from the nursery or, once again, by taking advantage of the online purchase. The best time to plant mountain pine falls in the fall.

Remember to dedicate tomountain pineenough space for growth: the bushy trend could make it reach up to 4 meters in diameter. Among the most popular and popular varieties is thePinus mugo Pumilio which remains quite low and does not exceed 2 meters in height.

Like the otherspines, also themountain pineit has needle-like, hard and pungent leaves. The leaves are very ornamental, of an intense green color and on average 4-8 cm long. When it produces thepine cones?Pinus mugo produces pine cones between April and May. The pine cones are reddish-brown in color, very ornamental and about 5 cm long.

Mountain pine: care

Thecareto dedicate tomugothey are not particular. However, you will have to do a good job at the time of planting. The plant wants a very bright position but can also adapt to partial shade.

Pay attention to the soil: the soil must have an acid reaction and be well draining. When you dig the hole for the plant, work the soil well and add at least 2 cm of gravel (or expanded clay) to the bottom. If you are unsure of the quality of your soil, always in the hole, prepare an additional layer of acid soil at least 4 -5 cm thick. Only at this point can you flare the plant and plant it.

After flaring the mountain, remove the soil that easily detaches from the roots. Place the plant in the hole and fill in the gaps with the same soil as the excavation. Compact the soil well. If your garden soil is calcareous, you may want to fill the spaces not with digging soil but with additional acidic compost or conifer soil.

In this way you will have built the ideal conditions for your root system to take rootmugo in the garden.

Betweencareto be dedicated toplantonly mild fertilization appears. If the plant grows robust and your soil is ideal, it is not actually necessary to fertilize ... however, as a precaution, we recommend that you apply a little fertilizer once a year. When? In spring. You can administer slow release fertilizer with an acidifying action such as ammonium sulphate.

Fertilization is always recommended in the first three years after planting. Remember not to exceed with the fertilizer and follow the doses indicated on the label of the product you choose.


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