Cold-resistant succulents

Cold-resistant succulents

There are many succulents that can decorate your home and garden. Those who live in geographical areas where the temperature drops below freezing in winter, however, if they want to grow succulent plants in the garden, they will have to choose only the most resistant species or will be forced to implement strategies to protect thefat plantsfrom thecold. With the arrival of winter, thefat plantsthey don't have to be alone cold resistant but they will also have to be able to tolerate high levels of atmospheric humidity. All the fat plants they have a certain tolerance to low temperatures but since our winters are humid - full of rain - they are necessary succulent plants that are resistant to moisture! Which succulents are resistant to cold and rain?

How to care for succulents in winter

With the arrival of low temperatures thefat plantsmust be moved to suitable wintering places, the places in this regard must be dry and free from humidity. The brightness (amount of light to be allocated to the plant) depends on the kind of belonging of thefat plantsto protect.

Sun-loving species such as those belonging to the genus Echinocactus and Ferocactus must be stored indoors, on the windowsill and facing south. Other species of tropical origin such as those of the genus Hoya, Epiphyllum and Hylocereus must be wintered at home in even not particularly bright environments.

The care of succulents in winter, when they are grown in pots, at home, does not differ much from the care dedicated in the summer months. The succulent plants will need to be watered occasionally: at home, due to air conditioners, radiators and heaters, the air will be dry so it may be necessary to irrigate with nebulisations.

Cold-resistant succulents

Among the varioussucculent plants, then, there are those wellcold resistant.Thefat plantsthat withstand up to several degrees below zero are many. They are those belonging to the genres:

  • Echinocereus,
  • Mammillaria,
  • Gymnocactus,
  • Lobivia,
  • Notocactus,
  • Rebutia (pictured above)
  • Trichocereus.

The species belonging to these genera, particularlycold resistant, have a certain tolerance to humidity but must in any case be protected from rain and preferably in a well-ventilated place.

Thecold-resistant succulents (even several degreesbelow zero), are those belonging to the genres just mentioned.

Then there are otherscold-resistant succulentsbut which can only be grown in the garden in Southern Italy, where winters are milder. If thecold-resistant succulent plants of the genera Echinocereus, Mammillaria, Gymnocactus, Lobivia, Notocactus, Rebutia and Trichocereus can be grown in the garden, throughout the national territory (including Northern Italy, perhaps simply covered by a canopy to shelter from the rain), the succulent plants that we will see then they begin to suffer with temperatures below 3-5 ° C. Which ones are they? The species belonging to these genera:

  • Euphorbia,
  • Discocactus,
  • Melocactus,
  • Monadenium,
  • Uebelmannia.

Who wants cultivatethesesucculents in the garden, in winter, they should have them overwinter on the veranda, so there is a need to bury plants with pots.

How to protect succulents from the cold

Regardless of the species, all succulents can be prepared for winter. Potassium, in fact, is an indispensable element to makesucculent plantsmore resistant to humidity and winter cold.

If in spring and summer, fortreat succulentsit is advisable to add a fertilizer for succulent plants, in autumn, it is advisable to proceed with the last fertilization of the year by adding potassium. This practice was described in the articlehow to protect succulents from the cold, where we recommend adding a handful of potassium sulphate to the feet of the plants.

Among the various fertilizers, we recommended the use of Vitax (simple potassium sulphate), which gives succulent plants only the element they need in this phase, without adding microelements that would delay the vegetative rest, risking damage to the plant. The fertilizer mentioned can be bought on Amazon at a price of about 19 euros with shipping costs included. For all the information, here is the official Amazon page:Vitax - potassium sulfate.

Succulents to grow in the garden

Succulents to grow in the garden in winter must:

  • Have a sunny position
  • Be sheltered from cold winds but placed in areas with good air exchange
  • The soil must be extremely draining if the plants are exposed directly in the rain
  • In Northern Italy it is necessary to cover thefat plantswith a sheet of non-woven fabric

In northern Italy, the species ofsucculents to grow in the gardenI'm:

  • Delosperma cooperi (resists cold down to -10 ° C)
  • Graptopetalum paraguayense (cold resistant up to -20 ° C)
  • Semprevivum montanum (withstands cold down to -20 ° C)
  • Semprevivum arachnoideum (resists cold down to -20 ° C)
  • Sedum pachyphyllum (resists cold down to -20 ° C)
  • Sedum rubrotinctum (withstands cold down to -20 ° C)
  • S. sieboldii (resists cold down to -20 ° C)
  • S. palmeri (resists cold down to -20 ° C)

Video: Care Tips for Cactus and Succulents. (September 2021).