How to grow echinacea: guide tocultivationsome species ofechinacea, from the classicechinacea purpureawith white echinacea. Cultivation of echinacea in pots or gardens.
Theechinaceathey are very easy plants tocultivate, very rustic and adaptable to the most varied conditions. Of these plants, the most widespread is echinacea purpurea.
Theechinaceathey have a simple flower with a diameter of 10-12 cm, the appearance is similar to that of daisies whose petals develop around a rough, globular and robust central disk. The flowers develop on stems of different heights, generally, in the case ofEchinacea purpurea the height is about 80 cm. The leaves are dark green with lanceolate lamina.
For thecultivationany type of soil is fine but, undoubtedly, the richer in organic and fertile matter it will be, the higher the production offlowers. A rich and fertile soil can guarantee more abundant blooms.
These plants grow well in alkaline, acidic or neutral soils… so if you likegrow echinaceae in pots, you can use common universal soil.
How to grow echinacea in pots
You need a fairly spacious pot as the vegetative system branches out a lot and needs space to develop. It would be better to use, instead of the classic round vase, planters of 50 or 70 cm which the echinaceae will gradually fill. Year after year, the plants push back new buds and expand in width.
Forcultivate echinacea in potsthe same advice that we will see below apply.
How to grow echinacea
As stated, it is not necessary to prepare a particular ground. Before planting, if you likeplant echinacea in the garden, shake up the soil and make sure it has good drainage. Echinacea is rustic but cannot stand water stagnation.
Only if you have an excessively clayey soil tending to stagnation, based on the hole you will dig for planting echinacea, prepare a couple of centimeters of expanded clay.
L'echinaceait does not need any detailscare. If the planting is done in an optimal way, the plant will not struggle to root.
Echinacea, care and pruning
The aerial part of the plant, in late autumn, begins to wither and does not survive the winter cold. For this reason, the entire vegetative system is cut at the base between late autumn and early winter.
Towards the end of February, the plant begins to push back new buds. It is in this period that you can provide for the separation of the tufts. The division of the tufts is a method ofpropagation of echinaceavery safe. On the one hand, if the plant is vegetating excessively, thepruningthey will be almost useless, while the division by tufts will give you the opportunity to reorganize the flowerbed and divide up the spaces.
How to do?
The multiplication of echinacea is carried out, by division of the tufts, every two years or in any case when the plant has occupied an excessive surface. With a pitchfork, shake up the soil and go to completely extract the root system of the plant.
Once lifted, gently drop the soil and try to distinguish the roots of the individual plants. The task is difficult and certainly many roots will break, but Echinacea is a rustic plant and will tolerate this stress well. This process must be performed towards the end of February, when the new buds begin to appear.
How to sow echinacea
If you want to startcultivate echinaceastarting fromseeds, know that you will need about thirty days.
THEechinacea seedsthey take a short time tosprout.
When to sow echinacea?
The sowing period falls in late February. The temperature, for the echinacea seeds to germinate, must not drop below 14 ° C. Echinacea seed germination will complete within 10 to 15 days. Once the first shoots have appeared, you will have to wait 25 - 30 days: only at this point the small onesechinacea plantsthey will be ready for the final planting. You can rob them in pots or in the garden.
When to plant echinacea
If you want to plant echinacea in the ground, do it when temperatures are around 20 ° C. This also applies to plants bought from nurseries that need to be planted in the open field.
It is not easy to find theseedsofechinacea purpureabecause not all nurseries have this species ofEchinacea, although it is the most widespread. If not even the trusted nursery can provide you with theseeds of echinacea purpurea, you can take advantage of the online purchase: on “this Amazon page” you will find the classic sachets available for a few euros and with free shipping costs. In the list there is no shortage ofseeds of white echinacea. White echinacea is a depigmented variety of the speciesechinacea purpurea,it is known by the names of white echinacea or echinacea milkshake, to underline the milky white color of its petals.