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Elderberry, cultivation and properties

Elderberry, cultivation and properties

How to grow elderberryand how to use it: prepare natural remedies with dried flowers, jam with elderberries and plant properties.

The elder is counted among theremedies to lower fever and its juice is used to improve transit in the intestinal tract.

Sambucus nigra, characteristics of the plant

Theelder, botanical nameSambucus nigra, is a shrub or arboreal plant, 2 to 6 meters high.

It has erect grayish stems and leaves gathered in groups of 3-7, oblique and with a short curl.

THE elderberry flowersthey are united to terminal umbels, have a yellowish-white color and emanate a characteristic scent. THEfruitsof theelderthey are small spherical dark colored berries.

Elderberry, property

Theelderit is rich in active ingredients thanks to which it is capable of carrying out as manytherapeutic propertiesThe active ingredients of theelderI'm:

  • Malic acid
  • Palmitic acid
  • Valeric acid
  • Sambucina (a particular alkaloid)
  • Glycoaldehyde
  • Carotene
  • Choline
  • Mucilage
  • Potassium nitrate
  • Rutina
  • Sambunigrina
  • Tannins

The used parts of theelderin phytopharmacy, cosmetics and cooking, they are varied! Of theeldernothing is thrown in fact leaves, flowers, fruits and barks are used, for this reason the therapeutic properties of elderberry can be divided according to the parts.

Bark

The bark boasts anti-edematous, diuretic and laxative properties.

Flowers

As well as the cortex, i elderberry flowers they are diuretic, have diaphoretic, emollient, pectoral and refreshing properties. THEelderberry flowersare the most traditionally used part: theelderflower infusionis an ancient "grandmother's remedy "which is widespread even today.

Leaves

They boast digestive, diuretic, laxative and resolving properties.

Fruits

The fruit of theelderit has antineuralgic, purifying, diuretic and laxative properties. The fruits are rich in vitamins C and A and can be used as a flu, antirheumatic and cough reliever. An excellent result is obtained with the fruitmarmalade, of which, at the end of the article, we will see therecipe.

In the most well-stocked herbalists it is possible to find elderberry juice, made from berries and generally sweetened with other juices. For all information, I refer you tothis Amazon page, where juice obtained from elderberries and enriched with an infusion of elderberry flowers and agave syrup is offered. The elderberries have a very particular flavor, I recommend buying the juice only if you already appreciate the jam.

Elderberry juice is also used as a supplement and natural remedy for constipation: it is a mild laxative and has an antinervralgic action.

Elderflower infusion

Traditionally, elder flowers are used for their diuretic properties, to counteract seasonal ailments (flu, cold ...), to lower fever and also against neuralgia of various kinds.

The flowers can be collected and dried in a cool and well-ventilated environment, away from direct sunlight. Alternatively, you can buy them at the herbalist's shops or with the online purchase, where you can also find theelderberries.

Battered elderflower recipe

Theelderberry in the kitchenit is widely used in the kitchen! The flowers ofelder you can pass them in batter (sparkling water and flour) and fry in boiling oil.

Not only elderberry recipes, theelderberry in the kitchenit is also used as a dye and preservative. Elderflowers can be used to preserve apples while keeping their flavor and aroma intact. The apples are placed in alternate layers between which the elder flowers are inserted.

Elderberry jam

Before seeing the elderberry jam recipe, it must be remembered that the elderberries, before being used, they must complete maturation. Unripe elderberry fruits can cause poisoning as well as have a bad taste.

Thereelderberry jam it is an original preserve and different from the classic jams. For the recipe, you need to cook the very ripe elderberries over low heat with sugar (500 grams of sugar for 500 grams of elderberries, those who love very sweet jams will have to use 700 grams of sugar and 500 grams of elderberries).

Elderberry, cultivation

TheSambucus nigrait is easy to grow. Hercultivationit is possible throughout Italy, from coastal areas (even in the marine environment) up to 1,400 meters above sea level. It is a hardy plant that takes a fewcare, resists frost well and adapts to any type of soil, even in less fertile ones. However, if the purpose is to produce berries or enjoy the blooms, that's better cultivate elderberry in a more fertile, deep and well-drained soil.

Forplant elderberryit would be better to wait for spring. It is not necessary buy an elderberry plantbecause you can get it easily. You can cultivate the elderberry by cuttings: the elderberry cutting has a high chance of taking root, moreover the rooting is fast.

How to make the elderberry cutting

Therecuttingof theSambucus nigrait is easy: in the summer, you just need to take pieces of a young (semi-woody) branch. Take one or more 30 cm branches to bury and root during the year. Plant the plant during the following spring.

How and when to pick elderberry fruits and flowers

From April to June it is possible to pick the flowers, which are not yet fully open. From July to September, however, theberries, detaching them at the base. Make sure you pick perfectly black, ripe berries!


Video: Making Elderberry Syrup, Plant Identification, Plant Profile. (December 2021).