The press director of the NGO Corporate Accountability, Jesse Bragg, today accused rich countries of trying to evade their historical responsibility for climate change at the climate conference that is held until Sunday at the United Nations regional headquarters in Bangkok.
Bragg indicated that the delegations of developed countries and the European Union are advocating to promote the so-called trade in emission rights (of greenhouse gases), by which companies and nations can buy carbon bonds or credits that allow them to pollute.
"Rich countries and rich companies thus buy their right not to have to cut their emissions," said the activist at the UN headquarters in the Thai capital.
The bonds are sold by countries and companies that emit less gases than the limit imposed on them, which generally occurs in developing countries.
Bragg believed that the buying and selling of emission rights is counterproductive and defended a more transparent system to drastically reduce the amount of polluting gases responsible for global warming.
The head of Corporate Accountability added that some rich countries also want the purchase of these “carbon credits” to also meet their financial obligations to developing countries in the face of climate change.
In 2015, developed countries, due to their historical responsibility for global pollution, pledged to contribute 100 billion dollars annually (about 86 billion euros), privately and publicly, starting in 2020 to help the most important countries. poor people to fight global warming.
Bragg said that to date they have not approved a clear mechanism to provide this figure, which also considers insufficient to help developing nations achieve their transition to clean energy and protect themselves from natural disasters caused by climate change.
More than 1,400 delegates from 182 countries and the European Union and 568 participants from NGOs and different agencies attend the Bangkok conference in which they seek to agree on a framework of guidelines and rules for final approval at the Climate Summit (COP 24) to be held in Katowice (Poland) in December.
These guidelines should specify the objectives of the Paris Agreement (2015), which seeks that the temperature does not rise above 2 or preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius with respect to pre-industrial levels, among other purposes.
In a statement, the Network for Climate Action, a platform of experts and NGOs, stated that to reach the 1.5 degree goal it is necessary to cut greenhouse gas emissions by half by 2030 and reduce them to zero between 2040 and 2055.
Under the Paris Agreement, which comes into force in 2020, countries will commit to setting emission reduction targets "voluntarily" and there are no penalties for those who fail to comply with their obligations.
The Kyoto Protocol, in force between 2005 and 2020, established emission cut obligations and sanctioning mechanisms for developed countries (except the United States, which did not sign the agreement, and Canada, which left in 2011).