It is not among the best known breeds but this does not mean that we do not take the trouble to talk about it and to tell the history and origins of the Persano horse, a breed with royal origins, created in fact in the royal stables of the Kingdom of Naples located in the homonymous locality near Greenhouses, in the province of Salerno. This time it is an Italian horse but which is also used in other countries.
Horse Persano: origins
We have already mentioned its origins but only mentioned it and it is instead the case to deepen because they are what make this horse really special and known all over the world. The Persano owes its birth to King Charles of Naples who ordered in 1741 to cross Turkish stallions with local mares and twenty years later, Charles III of Spain sent three Spanish stallions to continue the work done.
Thus it was that it all began even if later we did not stick to only the crossing with the Turks and the Spaniards but also used English thoroughbred stallions. Here is explained why some of the horses of Persano "Modern" may have an aspect reminiscent of Anglo-Arab but with their own characteristics that make them special.
The historical events on the Italian territory heavily influenced the history and development of this breed. In fact, over the years the Persan horse had become one of the symbols of the Bourbon Kingdom, we can still see today the clear demonstration in the coat of arms of the province of Naples, if you take a look at it you can recognize it in an athletic position right above the crown. And the horse paid for this fame because in 1874 the farms and its stables were closed by dynasty of the Savoy who wanted to erase all the traces left on the territory by the Bourbon dynasty in the Kingdom of the two Sicilies. For the same reason he also dispersed the remaining specimens.
It is necessary to wait more than a quarter of a century for see the race of the Persan again. In 1900 the government takes the serious decision to rebuild the breed but with the name of "Government race of Persano" going to fish out mares and stallions of the real Persano breed that years before had been sold to private breeders. There were also specimens of Persan in the royal estate of King Vittorio Emanuele, that of San Rossore, near Pisa.
Persano Horse: characteristics
Medium high, 150 centimeters For both female and male, this horse has an athletic and well-proportioned physique, and also quite resilient. Let's start with the head which has a wide forehead, is harmonious in size and with a straight or slightly concave profile. It has a rounded jaw, short and distant ears and two very large and expressive eyes.
The neck is rather muscular and robust, arched but only slightly and well attached, with a long and abundant mane. The shoulder is long and sloping and the pronounced withers, while the back line is straight. The rump is short and a little sloping, muscular, and ends with the attachment of the thing which is thick and very long just like the mane.
Chest and chest with broad and deep, while the limbs of the Persano have always been very robust and resistant but at the same time also subtle. The joints are proportionate and wide, to allow elastic and harmonious gaits.
Persano Horse: cloak
We didn't mention the color of the horse, hers cloak it can tend to be only of four colors: the bay, chestnut, gray and black.
Horse Persano: character
This horse has a perfect character to go to war and in general to be used for military purposes because it has shown itself since its birth docile and at the same time courageous. Obedient and reckless. Even today it is an easy animal to train and able to relate to humans.
Persano Horse: defects
In the breed standard of this horse there are some defects that lead to the fateful exclusion from the registry, such as some coat colors and height. Yes, the height at the withers is very important and must never be less than 150 centimeters. At the same time, the coat must have one of the colors we have mentioned and it cannot be neither roan, nor piebald or spotted in any way.
Horse Persano: use
Beyond the historical interruptions, this breed has always been bred for military purposes and that is why we find it protagonist together with fighters of different battles and we also find it among the military horses par excellence, of the Russian Campaign, being able to resist the harsh climate of the steppes without too much difficulty.
After several years from the end of the Second World War there were 246 specimens of this breed left and they were moved to Quadruped depot of Grosseto (an installation of the Italian Army), the remaining subjects were sold to private breeders including the Prince Alduino of Ventimiglia of Monteforte Lascaris. We owe him the rescue of the race that would otherwise have risked extinction.
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