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Red garlic: cultivation and other tips

Red garlic: cultivation and other tips

L'red garlic (Allium sativum) is one of the many varieties of garlic available in supermarkets around the house or in fruit & vegetable shops. It is also a particularly attractive strain for the home garden, due to its unusual curled stems in spring, which eventually straighten in fall. The bulb tends to be purple and can be successfully grown in a large part of Italy.

How to grow red garlic

Grow red garlic it is not difficult. Just dig a little in the ground by removing all the rocks or other objects that can hinder the growth of the bulbs in the subsoil. So dig up a thin layer of fertilizer, because garlic plants love well-drained soil with a lot of organic matter.

When it is good to plant garlic

It is generally advisable to plant red garlic bulbs in autumn (let's say, between October and November), just when the first colds are about to arrive. In any case, keep in mind that a lot depends on the climatic zones, and that the hottest ones could also delay this operation.

Read also: Rosehip, properties and uses

How much space to leave between the bulbs

It is important to leave a fair amount of space between one bulb and the other, equal to about 10 centimeters. Red garlic plants generally grow very well in gardens even without the need for too many distances between one bulb and another, but it is still good to avoid overlapping.

How to cultivate

Once this is done, it is good to water the red garlic without soaking the soil too much. Garlic goes best with moist and well-drained soil, but without excessive flooding!

Finally, it is advisable to cover the garlic plot with a layer of straw, grass clippings or other organic mulch. This will protect the growing shoots from the winter cold.

Once in spring, it will be sufficient to remove the mulch to see the bulbs produce the first shoots. We therefore recommend regularly water the garlic bed to keep the soil evenly moist throughout the growing season. Garlic bulbs deform if they go through a period of drought!

Finally, in autumn, when the tops turn yellow, you have to dig into the ground and extract the bulb, avoiding doing as you do with a carrot or an onion (that is, pulling upwards, because this would cause the stem to break) .

At this point you can proceed to tie the stems together and hang the bunches of garlic in a cool and protected place for about two weeks. Once the buds have become completely golden, just cut them and store the garlic in a cool, dry place.

What is needed to grow red garlic

As we have already seen, growing red garlic is not difficult. All you will need are:

  • shovel;
  • compost;
  • straw;
  • fertilizer;
  • garden shears or lawn mowers.

Final remarks

Growing garlic can be a good pastime and, above all, it is able to give a tasty food that can be used in many recipes, without necessarily having to go to the nearest supermarket.

It is also a very cheap crop to grow, considering that it takes up very little space. Once harvested, it also keeps for months and part of the harvest can be saved to be planted again in autumn.

Advice

As perhaps it is already clear from the previous lines, garlic wants rich and well-drained soil. If the pH of the soil is less than 5.5, the addition of wood ash or dolomitic lime could help achieve an ideal balance.

As far as harvesting is concerned, garlic usually ripens in the heat but, as happens for the time of growing the bulbs, in order to identify the right month to carry out this operation, it is necessary to take a look at the climatic zone of reference.

Once the garlic has been harvested, keep it in a cool, dry and well-ventilated space. Do not store garlic in the refrigerator, as this would induce germination, changing the consistency and flavor of the garlic. Use the damaged bulbs first, and keep the best ones instead, to be used for sowing in autumn.

Diseases and parasites

Many home growers and gardeners have seen their bulbs suffer from a strange white rot that causes black spots and deterioration of the bulbs. This disease spreads in infected soil and water and is very persistent. The best way to avoid this is to not leave the rotting garlic in the soil and to use a rigorous 4-year rotation.

Garlic and other plants

Not everyone knows that plant garlic near the roses will help repel aphids. Because of its sulfur compounds, it can also help repel whiteflies, Japanese beetles, root worms and other pests. Garlic, transformed into tea, or spray, acts as a systemic pesticide, which is formed in the cells of plants. It is a good companion for beets, brassica, celery, lettuce, potatoes, strawberries and tomatoes.

Instead, it is advisable to avoid planting it near peas or beans of any kind.

We hope with these brief suggestions that we have provided a small introductory guide for all those who wish to grow garlic in their own garden.

Of course, these are mere initial ideas! Therefore, those who believe they want to know more, because they do not have much experience and are afraid of making mistakes, would do well to seek substantial and personalized help from some trusted farmer or gardener, who can first of all carry out an analysis of their land. and, secondly, provide more practical and concrete suggestions on how to get the best out of your garden.


Video: Garlic Food or Pill # 4 (November 2021).